HSNP2 pays 0.54billion cash transfers to 100,554 households


HSNP2 cycle 27 per CountyHSNP2 cycle 27 per CountyOn 8th November 2017, HSNP2 delivered Kshs 0.54 billion (£ 3.99million) to 100,554 households (603,324people)across the four arid counties of Turkana, Mandera, Wajir and Marsabit as payment cycle 27. HSNP is an unconditional flagship cash transfer programme that delivers social assistance cash transfers to poorest and most vulnerable households with an aim of reducing extreme poverty and hunger. The cash transfers are delivered in two fold: 1) regular bimonthly to 101,800 Group 1 considered the poorest under the poverty ranking 2) drought emergency scale-up to additional households, Group 2. HSNP is funded by the Governments of Kenya and the United Kingdom (UKAID).

HSNP2 impact evaluation study conducted in 2016 revealed interesting findings on the use of HSNP cash transfers by the beneficiaries. Feedback from HSNP households disclosed that the bulk of the cash goes towards buying food for household consumption. Further, HSNP cash enables the households’ to increase the frequency and portions of meals per day as compared to non-HSNP households. On payday, many beneficiaries buy “bulk” quantities of stables that include: cooking oil, beans, rice, spices, tealeaves, maize and maize floor and this is reflected by the vibrancy of local markets. HSNP cash transfers also assist the households to improve on dietary diversity, as they are able to buy “luxury” items like meat and vegetables in small quantities. Further, the households are able to buy milk for a longer period for daily consumption thus meeting the nutritional requirements of vulnerable households members like children and the elderly.HSNP cycle 27 across the sub-CountiesHSNP cycle 27 across the sub-Counties

HSNP cash is also used to re-pay credit and has increased the “credit-worthiness” of the beneficiaries as it enhances the ability to borrow from friends, neighbors and local traders. Ability to access credit is important for consumption smoothing effects. Households can access food and other households’ essentials on credit as they wait for the next payment. Beneficiaries also use a portion of HSNP cash to pay school fees and meet educational costs (uniforms, shoes, books, school supplies, exam fees) thus improving access to education for children from poorest household and especially orphans and children of widows. Additionally, feedback from respondents that include teachers reveal that children from HSNP households recorded high school attendance, as they were less likely to engage in child labour. HSNP cash reduces the pressure of households to engage their children in income generating.

There are beneficiaries that share that they use HSNP cash for home improvement such as improvement of house structure e.g. roofing with corrugated metal sheets, cement for flooring and constructing additional rooms. Others purchase of household items such as utensils, stools and beddings. There are a few beneficiaries that are able to save a portion of their cash over a period of time to buy small livestock mostly sheep and goats. The ability to buy and maintain assets in form of livestock remains an important issue across the four counties where forms of pastoralism are the main source of livelihood.

A quick analysis on the use of HSNP cash transfers by the beneficiaries indicate that the programme is supporting the realisation of socio-economic empowerment of the poorest and vulnerable people as specified under the social pillar of Vision 2030. One of the flagship projects under the social pillar is the establishment of a consolidated social protection fund implemented through the National Safety Net Programme (NSNP) that has four National cash transfer programmes including HSNP. The aim of NSNP is boost economic empowerment of vulnerable groups through social assistance cash transfers.

Compiled by

Carrie Ndoka- Communications Specialist (HSNP2)

HSNP2 pays cycle 26 to 98,896 poorest households


HSNP2 Cycle 26HSNP2 Cycle 26On 15 September 2017, HSNP2 paid Kshs. 560,940,300 to 98,896 households across the four poorest and arid Counties of Turkana, Wajir, Mandera and Marsabit. This disbursement  was made to the Group 1 households- those who receive unconditional bi-monthly cash transfers. 98,896 households constitute those that meet the threshold of being the poorest in terms of poverty ranking. 

HSNP2 regular cash tranfers has proven to be an effective social protection (social assistance) measure for addressing cases of chronic poverty at the household level. HSNP2 impact evaluation studies have proven that cash tranfers have a significant positive impact on local economy (boosting of livelihoods, markets) , social norms (women empowernment), poverty and well-being (reduced stress, boosted confident and worthiness) to mention but a few. In addition, the bulk of the cash is used to meet the basic needs of the household members e.g. able to have larger and more frequent portion of food, buy uniform and other essentials required to access education, pay for medical services and medicine. 

The impact on local economy has been manifested by the increased number and frequency of small scale trading not only in urban setting but also in the rural remote areas. Women who consitute 60% of primary recipients of HSNP2 cash tranfers have greatly benefitted in multiple ways including financial inclusion. As a result of HSNP programme, and in specific, the mode of payment delivery through active bank accounts that require valid National IDs (according to the Central Bank's regulation of Know Your Customer), initially,a significant number of target beneficiaries and in specific women in rural remote areas did not have IDs. Thus, HSNP has made the community especially the poorest households have a need for National IDs at the same time enabled them realise their wider rights through the acquisition and use of National IDs  beyond cash transfers. In addition, some of the women have started table "kiosks" to sell household essentials like sugar, grains and grocers to boost their livelihoods.

HSNP2 Cycle 26 per sub-CountyHSNP2 Cycle 26 per sub-County

HSNP2 pays 82,828HHs drought emergency cash transfers for May 2017 scale up


May 2017 Scale up CountyMay 2017 Scale up CountyOn 23 June 2017, HSNP2 paid Kshs. 223,635,600 drought emergency cash transfers to additional 82,828 Group 2 households across the four arid counties of Turkana, Mandera, Wajir and Marsabit. Each household received Kshs. 2,700 equivalent to one month's entitlement. Thus, in the ongoing drought status, HSNP2 has scaled up six times since 2017. Scaling up during extremities of drought and flooding is one of HSNP2 core objectives. Total amount paid between November 2016 and June 2017 is Kshs. 0.977 billion (£7,521,597) to approx. 150,000 Group 2 households which is approx. 1million people in the four Counties. Emergency payments are funded by the Governments of Kenya, United Kingdom (UKAID) and European Union.

May 2017 scale up is triggered by the satellite generated Vegetation Coverage Index (VCI) VCIMay2017VCIMay2017report of end of April 2017. This report showcased that rainfall received in April across many parts of the ASALs has provided some reprieve, replenishing water sources and regenerating pasture and browse to some degree. Distances to water were reducing but are still well above normal. Livestock body condition and milk production were starting to improve, particularly among browsers, although the effect of the season on livestock productivity would be more apparent in the followingmonth. However, it warned that any positive impacts were likely to be modest and short-lived, since the expected short rains had generally been below normal and poorly distributed and therefore unlikely to sustain recovery throughout the coming dry period. Moreover, some areas have received very little rainfall and even none, like Mandera, Wajir, Marsabit and Turkana.

Read NDMA Bulletin Report April 2017

According to the external HSNP2 impact qualitative report released in June 2017 by Oxford Policy Management, HSNP households that receive emergency cash transfers in the event of severe drought report positive effects on meeting short-term basic needs such as retaining children in school, maintaining food consumption, and spending on healthcare.






HSNP2 Evaluation Qualitative Impact Report Released


Fred Mertten of OPM handing the report to Susan Mochache- PS, Social ProtectionFred Mertten of OPM handing the report to Susan Mochache- PS, Social ProtectionThe independent Impact Evaluation of the HSNP2 released on 5th June 2017 by Oxford Policy Management(OPM), shows that HSNP cash transfers are positively impacting livelihoods as they are largely spent on food and basic needs such as clothes, school fees and paying off credit debt. The report was released in the presence of the Susan Mochache- Principal Secretary of Social Protection, Ministry of East African Community, Labour and Social Protection and Josepheta Mukobe- Principal Secretary, Special Programme, Ministry of Devolution and Planning. Also present were Senior officials from NDMA, DFID, donors, development partners and the media.

“The difference from HSNP is a lot.  You can open an account. You pay your children’s school fees. You get hope.” (Female community leader, Wajir)

The qualitative Impact Evaluation uncovered the fact that recipients consider HSNP one of their main sources of income because the programme supports income-generating activities, such as livestock production, casual labour and petty trade.  Some beneficiaries also report using HSNP money to start small businesses or boost existing ones.  The evaluation demonstrates that HSNP has had a positive impact on local businesses, especially those near pay points. Traders and shopkeepers benefiting from the initiative say that they have increased sales and larger profits due to the increase in customer traffic around pay days.

The evaluation also identified that some households use the money to prepare for future needs, for example by saving or investing in livestock, or sharing with others who may help them in times of need.  According to one beneficiary from Mandera:

“I am extremely grateful for this programme because it puts some hard cash in my pocket, making it possible for me to feed and care for my family,” he says. “The money is very valuable particularly now that we are facing one of the worst droughts our community has every experienced.”

Aside from improving livelihoods in general, the evaluation showed that the intervention by HSNP has improved beneficiaries’ psychological wellbeing.  By reducing stress and easing some of the negative effects of poverty, the cash transfers have buoyed the target group’s spirits and improved their sense of dignity and self-worth.  HSNP strengthens the social support networks that exist in communities and is felt to have created more peace and unity within the households.

“Everyone is happy about this programme because even if you are not a beneficiary your neighbour assists you.” (Female HSNP beneficiary, Mandera)

This Impact Evaluation was undertaken by OPM as part of an independent analysis of the Hunger Safety Net Programme and is based on the first round of the qualitative research collected between August and September 2015. The research provides information about the context in which the programme is operating as well as an assessment of the impact of both routine and emergency HSNP payments. It draws on the perceptions of beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries, as well as key informants in the four programme counties (Mandera, Marsabit, Turkana and Wajir) to describe how beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries perceive the impact of HSNP on different aspects of their lives.  

Download HSNP2 Qualitative Report reporthttp://bit.ly/2to016S
Read more about HSNP2 Evaluation: http://bit.ly/2dm7Gev  

Media Coverage of the event: 

Standard Newspaper: http://bit.ly/2slCGD2 

People Daily: http://bit.ly/2sKnkW0 


HSNP pays cycle 24 in May 2017


Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP) disbursed Kshs. 623,255,100 (equiv.£4.65millionto  to 98,492 regular households across four Northern Kenya's arid Counties of Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir and Mandera (see graphs below) on 18 May 2017 . Each household received a bi-monthly cash transfer value of Kshs. 5,400 (equiv.£40). HSNP regular cash transfers are paid to the poorest and most vulnerable households across the four Counties. Further, HSNP scales up to additional households during emergencies of drought and floods. For both regular and emergency households, cash is loaded into their active Equity bank accounts and accessed using debt ATM cards at designated Equity bank payment agents located within their sub-locations. Access to these payment is free of charge at the payment agents. HSNP communicates with the grassroots HSNP target audience via multiple channels that include public barazas (with chiefs, assistant chiefs and village elders), mass MIS enabled SMS alerts, local radio stations, programme officers to mention but a few. 60% of recipients of HSNP regular cash are women, meaning HSNP is enabling inclusion of financial services to rural remote women in the Arid Northern parts of Kenya.  HSNP is co-financed by Governments of Kenya and the United Kingdom (UKaid). For more about HSNP trend analysis click HSNP Dashboard


HSNP Cycle24 per County paid in May 2017HSNP Cycle24 per County paid in May 2017HSNP cycle 24 per sub-Counties in May 2017HSNP cycle 24 per sub-Counties in May 2017











 The total amount of cash transfers disbursements reflects the poverty status of the specific sub-County and County. Turkana has the highest number of poverty as reflected by the wealth ranking of the households and confirmed by the Kenya Households Integrated Budget Survey (KHIBS) of 2006. An external evaluation by Oxford Policy Management (OPM) (see graph below) revealed that HSNP households use the cash transfers on: food (meat, vegetable, milk, sugar, rice, maize and beans), settling debts, clothing, household items, education expenditure and livestock (goats, sheep).

Spending of HSNP Cash TransferSpending of HSNP Cash Transfer

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